In this discourse, I want to focus on the nuts and bolts of walking meditation. I shall address the how, when, where and why of this form of meditation. I intend this dis- course to include both practical instructions of the technical aspects of walking med- itation and instructions for creating the quality of mind that leads to concentration, insight and wisdom through the physical activity of walking meditation.
The Buddha stressed developing mindfulness in the four main postures of the body: standing, sitting, lying down and walking (DN 22, MN 10). He exhorted us to be mindful in all these postures, to create a clear awareness and recollection of what we are doing while we are in any particular posture.
If you read about the lives of the monks and nuns at the time of the Buddha, you will see that many obtained the stages of Enlightenment while on the walking med- itation path. Walking meditation is called cankama in Pali. Walking meditation is an activity in which one can focus and concentrate the mind or develop investigative knowledge and wisdom.
Some people find that they are naturally drawn to walking meditation, because they find it easier and more natural than sitting meditation. When they sit they feel dull, or tense, or they are easily distracted. Their mind doesn’t calm down. If this is the case with you, don’t just persevere; do something new and try a change of posture.
Do something different; experiment with standing meditation or try walking med- itation. This new meditation posture may give you some other skilful means of apply- ing the mind. All of the four postures of meditation are just techniques, methods for developing and training the mind. [..]
Excerpts From: Ajahn Nyanadhammo. “Walking Meditation.”